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Individual Seismogenic Sources

General information
ITIS003
Aremogna-Cinque Miglia
Valensise G.(1), Vannoli P.(1)
Barba S.(1), Basili R.(1), Bordoni P.(2), Burrato P.(1), Fracassi U.(1), Kastelic V.(1), Pantosti D.(1), Tiberti M.M.(1), Valensise G.(1), Vannoli P.(1)
1) Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia; Sismologia e Tettonofisica; Via di Vigna Murata, 605, 00143 Roma, Italy
2) Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia; Centro Nazionale Terremoti; Via di Vigna Murata, 605, 00143 Roma, Italy
01-Jan-2001
12-May-2010
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Parametric information
ParameterQualityEvidence
41.84 / 13.97 LD Based on geological data from D'Addezio et al. (2001).
20.0 LD Based on geological data from D'Addezio et al. (2001).
12.2 LD Based on geological data from D'Addezio et al. (2001).
3.0 EJ Inferred from regional geological data.
12.3 EJ Inferred from regional geological data.
144 LD Based on geological data from D'Addezio et al. (2001).
50 LD Based on geological data from various authors.
270 EJ Inferred from geological data.
0.66 ER Calculated from Mo using the relationship from Hanks and Kanamori (1979).
0.1…0.6 LD Based on paleoseismology.
2140…6600 LD Based on paleoseismology (4,000 years preferred).
6.4 ER Calculated using the relationships from Wells and Coppersmith (1994).
LD=Literature Data; OD=Original Data; ER=Empirical Relationship; AR=Analytical Relationship;EJ=Expert Judgement;
 
Information about the associated Earthquakes
800 B.C-1030 A.D. Based on paleoseismology.
2940-3730 B.C. See "Commentary" for information.
 
 
Active Faults
ID Name References
13 Aremogna-Cinque Miglia 1 D'Addezio et al. [2001]
14 Aremogna-Cinque Miglia 2 D'Addezio et al. [2001]
15 Aremogna-Cinque Miglia 3 D'Addezio et al. [1999]
16 Aremogna-Cinque Miglia 4 D'Addezio et al. [1999]
17 Aremogna-Cinque Miglia 5 D'Addezio et al. [1999]
18 Aremogna-Cinque Miglia 6 D'Addezio et al. [1999]
19 Aremogna-Cinque Miglia 7 D'Addezio et al. [1999]
20 Aremogna-Cinque Miglia 8 D'Addezio et al. [1999]
Active Folds
Commentary

 

COMMENTS

The source included in the Database is mainly based on the work of D'Addezio et al. (2001) on the Aremogna-Cinque Miglia fault. These workers found a recurrence interval in the range 2140-5080 years. Two candidate historical earthquakes that may have been generated by this fault occurred in 801 A.D. and 1349 A.D. If none of these events ruptured this fault, and the true recurrence interval is in the lower part of the estimated range, this source could hold a significant potential for producing a large earthquake in the near future.

OPEN QUESTIONS

1) Are the Aremogna and Cinque Miglia scarps part of a single seismogenic source? Or could they behave independently?

2) When did the last surface faulting earthquake occur? In 1349 A.D., 801 A.D. or even earlier? If none of these earthquakes occurred on the Aremogna-Cinque Miglia source, could the most recent earthquake generated by this source be another known historical earthquake?

3) The 7 May 1984, Valcomino (Abruzzo) earthquake occurred on the Barrea source, very close to the Aremogna-Cinque Miglia fault. What are the spatial relationships between the Barrea and Aremogna-Cinque Miglia sources? Is the boundary between these sources controlled by the E-W Sangro Valley Fault, proposed as the northern termination of the Barrea source by Boncio et al. (1998)?

SUMMARIES

Bosi (1975) In his review on active faults of central Italy he describes for the first time the fault scarp of the Cinque Miglia Plain as "likely active" (see Menu "Previous Fault Compilations").

Giraudi (1987) He describes fault scarps displacing late-glacial and post-glacial 13,000-12,000 years old deposits in the Aremogna and Cinque Miglia plains. On the basis of a detailed aerial photo and field survey he maps the fault scarps and reconstructs the stratigraphic sequence outcropping in the area. According to his mapping the scarps extend for about 10 km, with a vertical throw ranging between 0.1 and 4 m (average 1.5 m) and have a strike changing from NNW-SSE to NW-SE in the Aremogna Plain and in the Cinque Miglia Plain, respectively. Most of the scarps are west-facing, and show a uniform slope. This is interpreted as evidence of the fact that the whole fault scarp is evidence for one large earthquake occurred after 13,000-12,000 y B.P. The writer also observes that the 2000 y long historical catalogue of seismicity does not report any large local earthquake so he concludes that the recurrence time of the local surface faulting earthquakes should be longer than 2000 y.

Giraudi (1989) and Frezzotti and Giraudi (1989a; b) These papers report on some trenches and shallow hand borings performed in the southern part of the Aremogna Plain with the aim of reconstructing the geological evolution of the Plain and to better constrain the behaviour and the age of faulting of the Aremogna faults. Only one trench was dug across the scarp, this was located at the Gravare Valley (SW side of the Aremogna Plain); here the investigators recognised one episode of faulting and dated it by means of radiocarbon dating between 12850+200 and 5060+150 y B.P. On the basis of climatic and stratigraphic considerations they narrow the time window of faulting between 7500 and 5060+150 y B.P. They propose also a preferred age of faulting: 6000 y B.P. in Giraudi (1989) and 6500-7500 y B.P. in Frezzotti and Giraudi (1989a; b).

D'Addezio et al. (2001) By means of detailed geomorphic, microtopographic and trench investigations they analyse the seismic potential of the Aremogna- Cinque Miglia Fault. They map a 16 km-long up to 6 m-high complex fault scarp as composed of two main sections one in the Aremogna plain, the other in the Cinque Miglia plain. Both sections are formed by two sub-parallel west dipping scarps: the eastern scarp shows a typical normal fault geomorphology with a mountain range on the footwall and a basin on the hangingwall, while the western scarp produces subsidence where high mountain peaks are located and, as a consequence, causes a reversal of the present topography. Type of movement is prevalently normal although contraddictory evidence for a lateral component was found in the Aremogna area. Two trenches opened across the eastern scarp in the Aremogna Plain (trenches 1-2), a quarry exposure across the western scarp in the Cinque Miglia Plain (trench 3) and the re- interpretation of the trench data published by Frezzotti & Giraudi (1989a; b) are used to show evidence for three normal surface faulting earthquakes that were dated at: 800 B.C.-1030 A.D., 3735-2940 B.C., 3540-5000 B.C. Because part of the age interval defined for the most recent falls in the time interval covered by the historical catalogues of seismicity the authors analyse which historical events could be attributed to this fault: candidates are the 801 A.D. earthquake, which produced some damage in Rome, or even the 9 September 1349 A.D. event given the uncertainties in radiocarbon dating (the charcoal sample could be much older than the hosting deposits). The authors estimated an average recurrence interval of 2140-5080 y, a vertical Holocene slip rate of 0.1-0.5 mm/y, a 0.3-1 m slip per event and a 6.5-6.8 magnitude in the hypothesis that each of these earthquakes ruptured the entire length of the Aremogna-Cinque Miglia Fault.

 
Pictures

 

Photo of Gravare Valley from SE Details
Geomorphic map Aremogna-Cinquemiglia Plain Details
Fault scarps and profiles Details
Constraints on timing of paleoearthquakes Details
Frezzotti and Giraudi's [1989] trench and timing Details
Photo of Trench 1 (detail of fault zone) Details
Log of Trench 1 at Aremogna Plain Details
Photo of Trench 1 (North wall) Details
Logs of trenches 2 and 3 at Aremogna Plain Details
Photo of Aremogna Plain showing Graben Details
Detailed map of Gravare Valley Details
Seismological and geological sketch Details
Seismotectonic sketch of the central Apennines Details
References

 

Akinci, A., D. Perkins, A.M. Lombardi and R. Basili 2010 Uncertainties in probability of occurrence of strong earthquakes for fault sources in the Central Apennines, Italy. J Seismol., 14, 1, 1383-4649, 10.1007/s10950-008-9142-y.
Bagh, S., L. Chiaraluce, P. De Gori, M. Moretti, A. Govoni, C. Chiarabba, P. Di Bartolomeo and M. Romanelli 2007 Background seismicity in the Central Apennines of Italy: The Abruzzo region case study. Tectonophysics, 444, 80-92, 10.1016/j.tecto.2007.08.009.
Boncio, P., G. Lavecchia and B. Pace 2004 Defining a model of 3D seismogenic sources for Seismic Hazard Assessment applications: The case of central Apennines (Italy). J. Seismol., spec. vol., 8, 3, 407-425.
Bosi, C. 1975 Osservazioni preliminari su faglie probabilmente attive nell’Appennino Centrale. Boll. Soc. Geol. It., 94, 827-859.
D'Addezio, G., E. Masana and D. Pantosti 2001 The Holocene paleoseismicity of the Aremogna-Cinque Miglia Fault (Central Italy). J. Seismol., 5, 181-205.
D'Alessandro, L., E. Miccadei and T. Piacentini 2003 Morphostructural elements of central-eastern Abruzzi: contributions to the study of the role of tectonics on the morphogenesis of the Apennine chain. Quatern. Int., 101-102, 115-124.
Fracassi, U., and G. Milano 2014 A soft linkage between major seismogenic fault systems in the central-southern Apennines (Italy): Evidence from low-magnitude seismicity. Tectonophysics, 636, 0, 18-31, 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.08.002.
Frezzotti, M., and C. Giraudi 1989 Evoluzione geologica tardo-pleistocenica ed olocenica del Piano di Aremogna (Roccaraso-Abruzzo): implicazioni climatiche e tettoniche. Mem. Soc. Geol. It., 42, 5-19.
Frezzotti, M., and C. Giraudi 1989 La conca di Aremogna. in: Società Geologica Italiana, Guida all'escursione "Elementi di tettonica pliocenico-quaternaria ed indizi di sismicità olocenica nell'Appennino laziale-abruzzese", 59-65.
Fubelli, G., S. Gori, E. Falcucci, F. Galadini and P. Messina 2008 Geomorphic signatures of recent normal fault activity versus geological evidence of inactivity: Case studies from the central Apennines (Italy). Tectonophysics, 476, 252-268, 10.1016/j.tecto.2008.10.026.
Galadini, F. 2006 Quaternary tectonics and large-scale gravitational deformations with evidence of rock-slide displacements in the Central Apennines (central Italy). Geomorphology, 82, 201-228, 10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.05.003.
Galadini, F., and P. Galli 2000 Active tectonics in the Central Apennines (Italy) - Input data for seismic hazard assessment. Nat. Hazards, 22, 225-270.
Giraudi, C. 1987 Segnalazione di scarpate di faglia legate ad antichi eventi sismici ai Piani di Aremogna e delle Cinque Miglia (Roccaraso, Abruzzo). Proc. 6° Meeting G.N.G.T.S., Rome 1987, 111-116.
Giraudi, C. 1989 Datazione di un evento sismico preistorico con metodi geologici e radiometrici: Piani di Aremogna e delle Cinque Miglia. in: E. Guidoboni (ed), I terremoti prima del Mille in Italia e nell’area mediterranea, I.N.G. and S.G.A (publ), Bologna 1989, 53-64.
Giraudi, C. 1995 Sedimenti eolici, variazioni climatiche ed influenza antropica: considerazioni su alcune piane intermontane dell'Appennino abruzzese. Il Quaternario, 8, 1, 211-216.
Masana, E., G. D'Addezio and D. Pantosti 1997 Geomorphic and paleoseismologic investigations along the Aremogna-Cinquemiglia fault, central Apennines, Italy. 29th IASPEI General Assembly, Thessaloniki, 18-28 August 1997, 107 (abstract).
Milano, G., R. Di Giovanbattista and G. Ventura 2008 Seismic activity in the transition zone between Southern and Central Apennines (Italy): Evidences of longitudinal extension inside the Ortona–Roccamonfina tectonic line. Tectonophysics, 457, 102-110, 10.1016/j.tecto.2008.05.034.
Panizza, M. 1985 Schemi cronologici del Quaternario. Geogr. Fis. Din. Quat., 8, 44-48.
Patacca, E., P. Scandone, E. Di Luzio, G. P. Cavinato and M. Parotto 2008 Structural architecture of the central Apennines: Interpretation of the CROP 11 seismic profile from the Adriatic coast to the orographic divide. Tectonics, 27, TC3006, 10.1029/2005TC001917.
Pizzi, A., and F. Galadini 2009 Pre-existing cross-structures and active fault segmentation in the northern-central Apennines. Tectonophysics, 476, 304-319, 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.03.018.
Vannoli, P., P. Burrato, U. Fracassi, and G. Valensise 2012 A fresh look at the seismotectonics of the Abruzzi (Central Apennines) following the 6 April 2009 L'Aquila earthnquake (Mw 6.3). Boll. Soc. Geol. It.(It. J. Geosc.), 131, 3, 309-329, 10.3301/IJG.2012.03.
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